Empowering Healthcare Decisions: A Comprehensive Guide to Living Wills and Healthcare Surrogates in Florida

Written by: Rima Suleiman

In the complex realm of healthcare decisions, having a plan in place can provide both peace of mind and clarity for individuals and their loved ones. In Florida, the legal instruments of living wills and healthcare surrogates empower individuals to assert their preferences and make informed choices regarding their medical care, even when they are unable to communicate their wishes. Below are brief explanations of the importance of living wills and healthcare surrogates in Florida, the legal requirements for these documents, and how they can bring assurance during critical moments.

Understanding Living Wills: Your Voice in Healthcare

A living will, often referred to as an advance healthcare directive, is a legal document that enables you to articulate your medical treatment preferences in circumstances where you cannot convey them due to incapacitation. This document comes into effect when you are diagnosed with a terminal condition, an end-stage condition, or find yourself in a persistent vegetative state.

Key Components of a Living Will in Florida

Artificial Life-Prolonging Procedures: Your living will provides you with the opportunity to specify your preferences concerning various medical treatments, including the use of ventilators, feeding tubes, and other artificial life-prolonging procedures. You can indicate whether you wish to undergo these interventions or not.

Organ Donation: Florida’s living will form also offers you the option to express your intentions regarding organ donation.

Appointment of a Healthcare Surrogate: While the primary focus of a living will is to outline your treatment preferences, it additionally allows you to appoint a healthcare surrogate. This individual will make healthcare decisions on your behalf if your condition does not precisely align with the scenarios outlined in your living will.

Healthcare Surrogates: Trusted Decision-Makers

A healthcare surrogate, also known as a healthcare proxy or agent, is a person chosen by you to make medical decisions on your behalf when you are unable to do so. This person should be someone you trust implicitly to act in your best interests and in accordance with your wishes.

Designating a Healthcare Surrogate in Florida

In Florida, you can designate your healthcare surrogate by completing a specific form. This document should include the following details:

Surrogate’s Designation: Clearly state the full name of the person you are appointing as your healthcare surrogate.

Alternate Surrogate: It is wise to name an alternate surrogate in case your primary surrogate is unavailable or unable to fulfill their duties.

Powers and Limitations: Define the powers and limitations of your healthcare surrogate to ensure they fully understand your preferences.

Signatures and Witnesses: The document must be signed by you in the presence of two witnesses, neither of whom should be the designated surrogate. 

Revocation: You retain the right to revoke or change your surrogate designation at any time, as long as you are mentally competent to do so.

The Intersection of Living Wills and Healthcare Surrogates

Living wills and healthcare surrogates in Florida work in tandem. Your living will serves as a guide for your surrogate, providing explicit instructions about your end-of-life wishes. In scenarios where the living will does not explicitly address your medical condition or treatment, your healthcare surrogate can make decisions that align with your overarching values and preferences.


Planning for end-of-life decisions can be emotionally challenging, but it is a vital part of responsible life management. In Florida, living wills and healthcare surrogates provide a legal framework to ensure that your medical preferences are upheld when you are unable to express them yourself. By taking the time to create these documents and selecting trustworthy attorney to act on your behalf, you can find solace in knowing that your healthcare decisions will align with your values and desires. Consulting with an attorney or healthcare professional can help navigate the complexities of these documents and ensure they adhere to Florida law.